Authorities say it will take two years to rebuild the Indonesian city of Palu after it was devastated by an earthquake and tsunami on Sep. 28, which killed at least 2,000 people and injured 4,600. Search and rescue teams were originally given until Oct. 11 to find and retrieve bodies, but the search was extended by a day at the request of survivors. As many as 5,000 people remain missing, meaning whole neighborhoods will be left as mass graves. The earthquake led to a phenomenon known as “liquefaction”, in which soil begins to act like liquid — effectively swallowing and sweeping away entire buildings. Communities were turned into swathes of debris and mud, hampering search and rescue teams that had to wait for heavy machinery to arrive in order to clear access.
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