Chileans react to unrest in their country | AFP

Chileans react to the unrest in their country and the military presence in the streets, as the country, usually one of the most stable in Latin America, experiences its worst violence in decades since protests against a now-scrapped hike in metro fares escalated dramatically.

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Chileans turn plastic waste into profit | AFP

Chile is one of Latin America’s top garbage-generators, a reality that boosts entrepreneurship in waste management and gives plastic a second life.

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Wildfires ring alarm bells over deforestation in the Amazon | AFP

The fires in the Amazon have raised global concern, but above all they have drawn attention to deforestation in the world’s largest tropical forest, where indigenous reserves, large landowners, illegal farmers and mining coexist under permanent tension. AFPTV takes a look back on the fires that have ravaged the Amazon and Latin America

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With a bamboo bike, two Mexicans travel through Latin America | AFP

Tired of their routine and with a budget of only 550 dollars each, Jessica Funes and Aldo Garcia undertook the journey of their lives: a bicycle trip across Latin America, Aldo on a regular bike while Jessica with one made of bamboo.

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Women ride for change at Latin America’s biggest motorbike fest | AFP

‘Ladies of the Road’ is one of the few women biker groups present at the 16th Brasilia Capital Moto Week, the biggest gathering of motorcyclists in Latin America, where female presence has grown at the traditionally male-dominated event.

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Brazilians react to ambitious pension reform bill | AFP

Residents of Rio de Janeiro react to an ambitious pension reform bill that has passed the first vote stage in the Brazilian Congress. The proposal to introduce a minimum retirement age and increase contributions over a longer period of time is seen as crucial to Bolsonaro’s ability to deliver on other promised measures to shake up Latin America’s biggest economy, which is on the brink of recession.

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Electric scooters zip into Latin America’s traffic chaos | AFP

Electric scooters have promised to revolutionise transport in congested and polluted Latin American cities; critics say they have only added to the chaos. Electric scooters from carpool companies appeared by the thousands last year on the streets and sidewalks of Bogota and Lima in Sao Paulo and Mexico City.

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Animated Map Shows Where Your Favorite Coffee Actually Comes From

Nearly two thirds of Americans drink coffee everyday, but how many of them know where it comes from? If you sip your morning joe from major brands like Starbucks, Dunkin’, or McDonalds, chances are it comes from one of several countries in Latin America. Companies source from different regions to reduce risk, maintain a steady supply of beans in different seasons, and serve different flavors to their customers.

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Animated Map Shows Where Your Favorite Coffee Actually Comes From

Nicaragua, new frontrunner on the world cigar market | AFP

Cuban entrepreneurs who fled the Castro-led revolution around 50 years ago spread their savoir-faire for cigars through Nicaragua and now this Central American country is one of the top tobacco producers in Latin America and leads the number of exports to the United States. For cigar-maker Nestor Plasencia, his company “gives joy to the people.”

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Beretta pistol stolen at Brazil defense industry expo

A Beretta pistol was stolen from a display at a major defense industry exhibition in Rio de Janeiro on Tuesday shortly before Brazil’s Vice President Hamilton Mourao and various senior politicians arrived at the venue. The Defence and Security International Fair Exhibition (LAAD), presented as the biggest event of this kind in Latin America, opens in Rio de Janeiro.

Kenyan snake farm owner battles to secure more anti-venom

Kenya boasts some of the world’s deadliest snakes, key among them green and black mambas and spitting cobras. As in other poor, rural areas of Africa, Latin America and Asia, venomous snakes pose a public health risk that experts, such as Royjan Taylor, Director of the Bio-Ken venomous snake centre, say has been neglected for far too long.

Chile builds Latin America’s first thermosolar plant in Atacama

In northern Chile, the first thermosolar plant in Latin America is springing up in the middle of the Atacama Desert. The plant, with technology which allows it to produce electricity all day long unlike other forms of renewable energy, consists of a 250-meter tower surrounded by thousands of giant mirrors.

Why Macadamia Nuts Are So Expensive | So Expensive

At $25 per pound, macadamia nuts are the world’s most expensive nuts.The nuts keep breaking price records every year. Macadamia trees take 7 to 10 years to begin producing nuts, and the nuts can only be harvested a few times a year. Although the demand for the nuts has largely outpaced the supply, exporters worry that a bubble in the global macadamia industry is about to burst.

Following is a transcript of the video:

Macadamia nuts are the most expensive nuts in the world. A one pound bag can cost around $25, almost twice as much as other nuts like almonds, and they’ve been breaking price records year after year.

Considered a high-quality dessert nut because of its rich, buttery flavor, macadamia nuts are a popular treat and a trendy import in countries like China and the United States.

But why are macadamia nuts so expensive?

The main reason is the slow harvesting process. While there are ten species of macadamia trees, only 2 produce the pricey nuts and it takes seven to 10 years for the trees to even begin producing nuts.The flowering trees originated in northeastern Australia and the nuts were eaten by the Australian aboriginal people. They called the trees “Kindal Kindal,” but British colonists eventually renamed them macadamia, after Dr. John Macadam. Despite originating in Australia, macadamia trees were first commercially grown in Hawaii.

Hawaii has the perfect climate for the trees– they need lots of rain, rich soil, and warm weather to thrive, which means regions that don’t meet those requirements have to import macadamia nuts all the way from Hawaii, South Africa, Latin America, or Australia. And because it takes the trees anywhere from four to six months to flower, the nuts all mature at different times of the year.

They’re only harvested five to six times a year, typically by hand. Their thick shell, often removed before sale, makes it difficult to tell the ripe nuts from the unripe ones, making the harvesting process more work-intensive and costly. Macadamias have become increasingly popular because of their high fat content. With 20.9 grams of fat per pound, they contain more fat than any other nuts, which is why people used to think macadamia nuts were unhealthy. In reality, a majority of that fat is 100% cholesterol free and contains palmitoleic acid, which can improve your metabolism and help your body maintain healthy levels of insulin.

Each nut is made up of 80% oil and 4% sugar. The high fat and low sugar content makes macadamia nuts ideal for many healthy eating and weight loss programs, including the Keto diet which cuts carbs while emphasizing good fats.

Last year, the price of macadamias broke records again.

In Hawaii, nut-in-shell macadamias started the season with their highest net farm value ever at 100 cents per pound, and ended the season with a new record high of 110 cents per pound. The farm value on Hawaii’s macadamia crops is estimated to be worth $53.9 million.

Meanwhile, countries like China who import them on a massive scale, are now working on growing their own harvests because of how valuable the nuts are. However, for the time being, the demand for macadamia nuts outpaces the supply, which drives up prices.

But the global macadamia supply is expected to increase, thanks to countries like China planting macadamia trees. Now, China is set to produce HALF of the global macadamia crop by 2022.

Exporters worry that a bubble in the global macadamia industry is about to burst.If that happens, macadamia nuts may no longer be the most expensive nuts in the world.

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CNN expands to Brazil, but its board doesn’t seem to fit the channel’s mold

CNN is expanding its reach in Latin America – by opening a Portuguese-language station in Brazil.

However, the team heading the new operation, doesn’t quite seem to fit the CNN mold.

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Lima Group meeting over Venezuela starts in Peru

Foreign ministers from Latin America and Canada meet in the Peruvian capital on ways to step up pressure on Venezuela’s socialist regime to coincide with the second-term inauguration of President Nicolas Maduro next week. IMAGES