Europeans on UN Security Council demand Turkey halt Syria offensive | AFP

The five European members of the UN Security Council call for Turkey to halt its offensive against Syrian Kurdish forces. “We call upon Turkey to cease the unilateral military action” says Jürgen Schulz, Deputy Permanent Representative of Germany to the United Nations. SOUNDBITE

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Europe heatwave | AFP Animé

Europeans braced Thursday for the expected peak of a sweltering heatwave that has sent temperatures soaring above 40 degrees Celsius, with schools in France closing and wildfires in Spain spinning out of control.Updated videographic showing the regions whith temperatures above 30°C.VIDEOGRAPHIC

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Europe heatwave | AFP Animé

Europeans braced Thursday for the expected peak of a sweltering heatwave that has sent temperatures soaring above 40 degrees Celsius, with schools in France closing and wildfires in Spain spinning out of control.Updated videographic showing the regions whith temperatures above 30°C.VIDEOGRAPHIC

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Tusk: Brexit a ‘vaccine’ against anti-EU propaganda

European Council President Donald Tusk says he has “no doubt” that one of the reasons why last week’s EU elections delivered a pro-EU majority was due to Brexit. “As Europeans see what Brexit means in practice, they also draw conclusions,” he said.

Voting underway in Greece for European parliamentary election

Greeks cast their votes in the European parliamentary election at a polling station in Athens. Greece is one of the first countries to open its polling stations along with Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Lithuania and Cyprus as tens of millions of Europeans in 21 countries prepare choose their representatives. IMAGES

Europeans living in Scotland protest against Brexit

Europeans living in Scotland, which voted overwhelmingly to remain in the EU in the 2016 referendum, say that they feel their “home is under threat” due to Brexit. EU expatriates registered to vote in Britain will be able to weigh in in the upcoming European elections.

Europeans, Latin Americans to meet on Venezuela crisis

An international meeting to negotiate a solution to the Venezuelan crisis is set to open in Montevideo as President Nicolas Maduro and opposition leader Juan Guaido sparred over allowing humanitarian aid into the crisis-wracked country.

CrossTalk Bullhorns: War and insults (Extended version)

Is the idea of peace and Yemen antithetical? Also, Trump is insulted the Europeans might defend themselves. And Russiagate front and center again. CrossTalking with Mark Sleboda, Dmitry Babich, and Glenn Diesen.

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Remembrance. Rewriting history: Red Army’s role in liberating Europe censored in the West

Today, the whole story of how the Red Army saved Europe from the Nazis is being wiped from Western history books, with Russian soldiers increasingly being portrayed as oppressors and occupiers rather than saviors. Today’s generation is widely under the impression it was the US that won World War II, as that’s what their textbooks generally tell them.

However, not everyone has forgotten the heroism of the Red Army soldiers that stopped Hitler’s war machine in Stalingrad and then pushed it back to Berlin. Some Europeans and members of memorial societies still actively document and maintain the graves of Soviet soldiers and preserve monuments to them

For a closer look at the battle over World War II history, watch Remembrance on RTD Documentaries.

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CrossTalk: War and remembrance (Extended version)

War and Remembrance – today marks the 73rd anniversary of victory in Europe over fascism. This is one of the most important dates on the Russian calendar. That can’t be said of the Europeans and Americans. We discuss how that conflict continues to impact Russia’s view of the world to this day.

CrossTalking with Mark Sleboda, Peter Kuznick, and Xavier Moreau.

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Russia May Not Be As Strong As You Think

Historian Timothy Snyder, author of “The Road to Unfreedom: Russia, Europe, America,” explains that Russia is not a powerful nation when measured in terms of traditional indicators like technological innovation or gross national product. Instead, Russia uses subjective measures like feelings to generate fear and distrust among its people and around the world.

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Following is a transcript of the video:

Timothy Snyder: When we think about power, we often think about it in terms of traditional, twentieth century indices, like for example, gross national product or capacity for technological innovation. Russia’s definitely not a great power by either of those measures. So what the Russians try to do is to change the subject, change the rules of international competition away from those more objective things to more subjective things like feelings, like fear, like anxiety.

When we turn our own attention away from the real world, the three-dimensional world, and we pay more attention to the internet and to what feels good or bad to us, in effect, we’re making life easier for Russia. What they can mobilize very efficiently, very economically actually, are psychological resources over cyber. They choose that because it’s easy for them. They have a plan for the world. They have a plan for Europe. They have a plan for us. But, it’s not about imposing some kind of positive vision. It’s about bringing us back to where they are.

What President Putin does is he replaces domestic policy of which you can’t have any, with foreign policy. He can’t have domestic policy because he’s an oligarch at the head of an oligarchical clan, and he’s running a country which can’t have the rule of law. Hence, Russia is locked into place for the foreseeable future where it is. But, if he can convince Europeans and Americans that oligarchy is normal, that the rule of law is a joke, that democracy is fake, and so on, he can bring us to where Russia is. And if he can do that, then Russians will look around the world and say, “It’s all just a joke. Everything’s corrupt, everywhere. So, why don’t we just prefer our own corruption to other people’s corruption?”

So, this is a strategy. And, it’s at work; it’s what we’re up against, now. There’s a very important difference, I think, between a nationalism, which always turns you back on yourself, and a patriotism, which says, “I wanna hold my country up to a certain set of standards.” Nationalism will generally say, “We have always been innocent. “We are always the innocent victims.”

So, for example, if you’re Russia and you’re the biggest country in the world, nevertheless, you’ve somehow always been on the defensive. If you attack Ukraine, nevertheless, this is somehow a defensive rather than an offensive operation. Nationalism will say it’s always somebody else’s fault. The way it works politically is that you do things like this. You attack Ukraine. You support the far right in Europe. You support a presidential candidate in the United States. Eventually, there’s gonna be some kind of reaction. That reaction comes. Then, you say to your people, “Well yes, look, “this just proves that we were the victim. “We were always the victim.”

Why Nikki Haley Is Fighting Trump Over Russia

Eurasia Group president Ian Bremmer explains why UN Ambassador Nikki Haley is standing up for herself in a public disagreement with the Trump administration over US sanctions on Russia after the president flipped his position.

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Following is a transcript of the video:

Ian Bremmer: Trump has changed his tone on Russia.

Nikki Haley is someone with a long political future and she’s very aware of that. She is not someone that is about to sit and kowtow, we’ve seen that on her statements on Russia consistently since she’s become UN Ambassador. There’s no question that she’s been probably the most hawkish of the major Trump advisors on Russia from day one, when a lot of people have been criticizing Trump for being unwilling to go after Putin individually.

Trump has changed his tone on Russia. He has become harder-lined, he has supported putting very significant sanctions against major Russian oligarchs, which is putting a serious crimp on the Russian economy, much worse than what we saw from the Europeans, that was Trump directly supporting those sanctions.

But we’ve also seen Trump still angry about the idea of getting rid of 60 Russian diplomats and doing more than individual European countries, even though the U.S. is bigger. We’ve seen Trump being much more upset about, most recently with Nikki Haley, when she says, we’re definitely putting more sanctions on, and he overturns her.

So, there’s something about the Trump/Putin relationship, at least in Trump’s mind, that makes him not want to take him on in the same way that pretty much everyone in congress, and many of those in his own administration want him to. It’s unusual, particularly because Trump usually doesn’t care about offending people. Like if someone annoys him or does something bad to him he is the first one to hang up the phone, we saw that with the Australian Prime Minister for example. He’s the first one to insult and offend directly in a meeting, we’ve seen that with a host of leaders, the Mexicans, for example, many of the Europeans.

This is not something that upsets Trump personally, so it’s a little unusual, and because it’s Nikki Haley, who sees herself not just as a Trump person but, you know, former governor, someone that certainly is thinking about higher positions in the future, she’s thinking about her own brand, more than she’s thinking about her brand vis-a-vis Trump. And, obviously if she gets in a lot of headlines that is, that makes her a little more vulnerable in terms of Trump’s own decision to keep her or not, but at the end of the day, everyone in the Trump administration has a half-life that seems to be a little smaller, a little shorter than that of other administrations we’ve ever seen. So whether she thinks she can really last for four years or eight, I think is an open question.

‘Voices of Brexit’ – the Scottish bagpiper

As Brexit negotiations continue between the UK and the EU, Britons and Europeans share their thoughts on progress made in divorce proceedings — as well as their hopes and fears for the future once ties are severed. Robyn Ada McKay, 20, a professional bagpiper from Scotland, says she voted for Britain to remain in the EU and now worries that working and studying abroad will become more difficult.

‘Voices of Brexit’ – the Romanian UK farmworker

As Brexit negotiations continue between the UK and the EU, Britons and Europeans share their thoughts on progress made in divorce proceedings — as well as their hopes and fears for the future once ties are severed. Gabriela Szomoru is a Romanian farmworker who moved to Britain on a visa aged 19. She worked her way up from the fields and is now the bookkeeper at Laurence J. Betts, a salad farm in Offham, Kent, southeast England. She shares her fears about discrimination against EU nationals in the UK after Brexit.

‘Voices of Brexit’ – the British NGO worker in Brussels

As Brexit negotiations continue between the UK and the EU, Britons and Europeans share their thoughts on progress made in divorce proceedings — as well as their hopes and fears for the future once ties are severed.Emily Macintosh works for the European Environmental Bureau in Brussels. She voted to remain in the EU as she believes it brings better protection for the environment and social rights – and because she wants to remain a European citizen, she has decided to apply for a Belgian citizenship.

‘Voices of Brexit’ – the British barman in Paris

As Brexit negotiations continue between the UK and the EU, Britons and Europeans share their thoughts on progress made in divorce proceedings — as well as their hopes and fears for the future once ties are severed. David Rooney is a British bartender in Paris. Since he’s been away from the UK for more than fifteen years he lost his right to vote in the referendum. He says he’s prepared for the possibility that he might have to move back to the UK as he doesn’t have French citizenship.

‘Voices of Brexit’ – the British expat in Poland

As Brexit negotiations continue between the UK and the EU, Britons and Europeans share their thoughts on progress made in divorce proceedings — as well as their hopes and fears for the future once ties are severed. Barnaby Harward is a British expat living in Poland since 2005. Last year he applied for Polish citizenship and says that Brexit helped him decide to stay in Warsaw.

‘Voices of Brexit’ – the Italian composer in London

As Brexit negotiations continue between the UK and the EU, Britons and Europeans share their thoughts on progress made in divorce proceedings — as well as their hopes and fears for the future once ties are severed. Dimitri Scarlato is an Italian composer teaching at the Royal College of Music in London, and also a member of ‘the3million’ movement, a group seeking to preserve the rights of EU citizens living in the UK. He’s deeply concerned about his future in the country, and he fears that a hard Brexit might harm the chances for foreign students to study in the UK.

‘Voices of Brexit’ – the Catalan Brexiteer in Scotland

As Brexit negotiations continue between the UK and the EU, Britons and Europeans share their thoughts on progress made in divorce proceedings — as well as their hopes and fears for the future once ties are severed. Núria Orduña is a design engineer from Barcelona who now lives in Edinburgh. Her experience as a Catalan separatist has set her against the EU, and she says she would have voted for Brexit had she had a vote.