Race to remember Berlin Wall victims, 30 years on | AFP

Where guard towers and barbed wire once stood, runners will this weekend pound the 100-mile (160 kilometre) path along the former Berlin Wall in a race with victims of the Cold War relic at its heart. On the eve of the race a group of athletes visit a memorial dedicated to those who died trying to cross the border between East and West Germany.

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CrossTalk: China Arrives in Europe

China has arrived in Europe in a very big way and not everyone in the West is welcoming this. Italy’s support of China’s Belt and Road Initiative is a game changer. The Washington consensus that has dominated the world for the past seven decades is being challenged. The turn to the East continues.

CrossTalking with Patrick Lawrence, Remi Piet, and Jean-François Di Meglio.

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Israeli forces close Al-Aqsa Mosque amid increasing tensions with worshippers

Israeli forces reportedly sealed off all entrances to #AlAqsa Mosque compound in the Old City in East #Jerusalem on Tuesday, amid increasing tensions with Palestinian worshippers.
Footage shows Israeli security scuffling with Palestinian worshippers, and emergency services carrying the injured away.

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Why Bird’s Nest Soup Is So Expensive | So Expensive

Bird’s nest soup is a delicacy in Asia made from the dissolved nests of swiftlets, a small bird native to Southeast Asia. A bowl of bird’s nest soup can cost more than $100 at some restaurants, due to growing demand and a limited number of wild birds. The soup is popular in China, where it’s believed to have healing properties. We stopped by the Oriental Garden in NYC’s Chinatown to taste it for ourselves.

Following is a transcript of the video:

Narrator: Bird nest soup. It’s a gelatinous mixture, made from, you guessed it, bird nests. You can find it on the menu at certain Chinese restaurants like at Oriental Garden, here in New York City. But it’ll cost you.

Cici: For one person it costs $32.95, and for four people it costs $128.

Abby: And that’s normal pricing?

Cici: Yeah, that’s totally normal.

Abby: Wow.

Narrator: So, what makes it so expensive? People in China have been eating bird nests for more than a thousand years. It’s believed to have near magical properties, from curing cancer to helping children grow taller.

And the main ingredient? The partially dissolved nest of a swiftlet, a small bird native to Southeast Asia. Three times a year, swiftlets build nests out of their sticky saliva on cave walls and cliff sides, where they raise their young. It’s the high cost of these saliva nests that makes bird’s nest soup so expensive.

Here in New York City’s Chinatown, for example, a couple dozen were selling for more than a thousand dollars.

Until recently, the most common way of getting the nests was by harvesting them from the wild.

Creighton: There are many dangers involved in harvesting nests from caves. They would climb up without really any safety nets or harnesses, that kind of thing, and just try and extract the nests from the cave wall, and they’d be, in some cases, many stories up.

Narrator: But for many, the risk was worth the reward.

Creighton: Harvesters would often try and collect as many nests as they could, regardless of whether they were fully formed, and they would just take them repeatedly.

Narrator: In some regions, swiftlets couldn’t compete with the rate of harvest, and so their populations plummeted. Between 1957 and 1997, the number of swiftlets declined by as much as 88% in parts of Southeast Asia, largely due to over-harvesting. And as a result, the price of bird’s nests skyrocketed.

Creighton: The price for bird nests, I would say, peaked in around the early 1990s.

Narrator: Around that time, nests were selling for up to $1,000 a pound. Adjusting for inflation, that would be around $2,000 today. Those high prices earned bird nests the title “Caviar of the East.”

And they also fueled a new industry. You could call it hospitality.

Scores of people across Southeast Asia looking to cash in on the bird nest trade started investing in swiftlet hotels.

Creighton: People just found that if there was a vacant building or, say, the upper story of a building was uninhabited, then swiftlets would make their way inside, and they would start just using the buildings as their nesting sites. Then these rumors kind of emerged over time about how much money you could make swiftlet farming really overnight.

Narrator: And they weren’t just rumors. In Myanmar, for example, swiftlet hotels can bring in at least $6,000 a year, while the average annual income is just over $1,100. And the more swiftlets you draw in, the more money you make. 

George: According to locals, in order to successfully farm for the bird’s nests, there are a few factors involved.

Factor one: The locals believe that abundance is related to charity. The more charitable and kind they are to the community, the more the birds will come to build nests in their houses.

Factor two: technology. To attract the swiftlets to build nests, the house keepers have to employ the right technology using speakers to continuously broadcast the correct frequency of the chirping swiftlets at the optimum volume.

Factor three: they believe in showing care and concern to the swiftlets. They will be careful not to harvest the nests if there are eggs in the nests.

Narrator: In the last few decades, the swiftlet farming industry has exploded. From 1998 to 2013, the estimated number of swiftlet hotels grew from 900 to 60,000 in Malaysia alone. But while this increased supply, it didn’t exactly slash the price. That’s because in the last couple of decades or so, demand has also increased.

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Why Bird’s Nest Soup Is So Expensive | So Expensive

Eurasia Space: Debate at SPIEF 2018 with Peter Lavelle

Eurasia, uniting the East and the West, enjoys a unique geoeconomic position. It is widely believed that Eurasian economies will become the next growth engine for the global economy, advancing economic cooperation between Europe, Northeast Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. In order to facilitate logistics, trade, and related economic processes, Eurasia’s size demands the creation of unified regulatory systems for economic activities and the establishment of common digital and logistics platforms. Integration processes on the Eurasian continent could therefore have a major impact on the growth trajectory of the global economy. In the present context, how can ‘Greater Eurasia’, stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific, become a space for collaboration? What might serve as the key drivers for accelerated Eurasian economic integration, and what are the main areas of common interest? What are the key pros and cons of integration as seen by partners in the East and the West, and what benefits have the existing integration processes offered Eurasian economies? What is their role in advancing integration, and what is the strategic potential of multilateral, trans-Eurasian economic cooperation?

Sergey Karaganov, Dean, Higher School of Economics
Klaus Mangold, Chairman of the Supervisory Board, TUI
Philippe Pegorier, President for Russia and CIS, Alstom; Member of the Board, Association of European Businesses (AEB)
Aleksey Pushkov, Chairman of the Commission of the Federation Council on Information Policy
Jean-Pierre Thomas, President, Thomas Vendome Investment
Antonio Fallico, President, Conoscere Eurasia Association; Chairman, Board of Directors, Banca Intesa
Alexey Chekunkov, Chief Executive Officer, Far East and Baikal Region Development Fund
Front row participant
Xu Sitao, Chief Economist, Partner, Deloitte, China

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The real ‘Beasts from the East’: Russia’s next-gen armored vehicles

When the going gets tough the tough get going. And Russia’s defense industry has unleashed some brand new hardware to do just that. They are all-terrain vehicles with the prime focus on getting troops and emergency services to remote, inaccessible areas.

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Dead Marine Life Washes Up on UK Beaches

Dead marine life was found washed up along UK beaches in the aftermath of a severe cold weather system that struck Great Britain, nicknamed the “Beast from the East,” (March 5)

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