How Aluminum Cars Are Built By Hand

Chris Rünge builds made to order sports cars in his garage. He uses a technique called English Coachwork to bend aluminum panels into the classic curves that were found in old Porsches.

See more from Rünge cars here: https://rungecars.com/

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Following is a transcript of the video:

Narrator: This isn’t your average car. It didn’t come from a factory, it’s never seen an assembly line, and it doesn’t have your typical paint job. While most car enthusiasts get excited by horsepower, handling, and other performance metrics the most impressive thing about these cars is that they’re handmade. 

Meet Chris Rünge of Rünge Cars. His bespoke automobile company operates out of his small workshop in Minnesota. Chris uses various metal-shaping techniques to build his cars to customers’ specifications. Engine options vary based on customers’ desires. But most of the mechanical components are repurposed from older Porsches. Each car takes at least 2,000 hours to build. Currently, Rünge cars are valued at $275,000. Chris will show us how he takes sheets of aluminum and turns them into drivable works of art. This is how Rünge cars are made.

Chris Rünge: So, I start my build process with a concept and usually, that starts with a sketch. Once I have the body design down, I then build a wood buck like the one you see here. Now, the buck acts as a guide for the body panels that are going to be made later on.

Narrator: The wood buck can take up to three weeks to make and it’s a crucial part of the design process. Chris builds the buck from scratch around the chassis of the car. It’s ultimately responsible for the shape of the vehicle though, customers can still make changes at this stage. 

Chris Rünge: Once I have the buck designed, I then start building a tube buck like the one you see down here. The aluminum tubes stay in place on the finished car and the aluminum bodywork that you see actually gets bonded to it. 

Narrator: After the tube buck is complete, Chris builds the internal paneling and integrates a steel safety cage into the frame of the car. Now he can begin his metal-shaping process for the exterior. Chris uses four tools to shape the metal. The English wheel, reciprocating hammer, radius brake, and the bossing mallet and shot bag. He uses these tools to shrink and expand the metal. Chris uses the tube buck as his guide for shaping the metal. Here you can see him carefully lining the raw aluminum to the body of the car. He marks off the point where the metal should bend. Then, he uses the radius brake to get the desired bend. He cuts off any excess metal and uses clecos or temporary rivets, to temporarily hold the panel in place.

Then, he moves on to the fenders. Chris starts by laying out paper and cutting it into the shape he wants. On this particular model, he uses the English wheel and reciprocating hammer to match the aluminum with the paper template. These steps are completed for every inch of the tube buck until the body of the car is complete. He then removes the clecos and bonds the panels to the tube buck. Finally, Chris dresses the metal. Dressing means to smooth out welds and rivets then polish the car to a perfect shine. Now, it’s time for a test drive. Would you get behind the wheel of this metal masterpiece?

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How Aluminum Cars Are Built By Hand

2 Guys From Brooklyn Went To Syria To Fight ISIS. Now They’re Back (HBO)

Christopher is a former bike racer and photographer currently working as a metalworker in Brooklyn. His roommate, Chris, works as a theatre director. It’s a big change from a year ago, when both of them were in Syria, fighting the Islamic State as part of a Kurdish militia.

One year ago the U.S.-backed Syrian Defense Forces (SDF), finished a four month campaign to push ISIS out of its Syrian capital, Raqqa. Official American involvement in Raqqa was limited to airstrikes and small teams of elite special forces troops. But the YPG, a socialist Kurdish militia, didn’t have the same limitations, drawing hundreds of foreign, less-than-experienced fighters to its ranks.

Signing up was easy — both men found applications on Google. That’s also how they met, while fighting for the YPG, and they were there on the day Raqqa officially changed hands. (After hearing rumors that ISIS had placed a bounty on the heads of foreign fighters, Chris and Christopher requested to be identified only by their first names or Kurdish noms de guerre.)

“Most of the time it was super boring,” said Christopher. Chris says he read the “whole cannon” of Shakespeare during his time in Syria.

And like many foreign fighters, Chris decided to hide his involvement in the Syrian war, avoiding social media, and only telling close friends and family where he was. Christopher, on the other hand, took a slightly different approach, building a small Instagram following, where he posted updates from the battle in Raqqa and propagandized in support of Kurdish revolutionaries.

VICE News Tonight met Christopher and Chris in New York to ask what exactly compelled them to run off to Syria to fight for the Kurdish cause.

This segment originally aired October 17, 2018 on VICE News Tonight on HBO.

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These Brooklynites Went To Fight ISIS In Syria. Now, They’re Back. (HBO)

Christopher is a former bike racer, photographer who’s now a metalworker. Chris, his roommate in Brooklyn, New York, is a theatre director.

But a year ago they took a break from their jobs and went to Syria, to fight the Islamic State.

Despite the thousands of ISIS fighters that foreign recruits, official American involvement in Raqqa was limited to airstrikes and small teams of elite special forces troops. But the YPG, a socialist Kurdish militia that dominated the SDF coalition, also drew hundreds of foreign, less experienced fighters. The two Brooklynites, Christopher and Chris, met while fighting for the YPG and were there on the day Raqqa officially changed hands.

Before traveling to Syria, Christopher spent most of his time with bikes, racing and fixing them, while Chris dedicated himself to Shakespearean theatre. Like many foreign fighters, Chris decided to hide his involvement in the Syrian war, avoiding social media, and only telling close friends and family where he was.Christopher, on the other hand, built a small Instagram following where he posted updates from the battle in Raqqa and propagandized in support of Kurdish revolutionaries.

VICE News Tonight met Christopher and Chris, in New York, to ask what compelled them to fight for the Kurdish cause.

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From Don Corleone to Bubba Blue, ‘Avengers’ stars pick favorite screen deaths

They’re mum about casualties in ‘Infinity War’ — except “Chris.” But which Chris? (May 8)

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Chris Conrad & Mikki Norris | Pt. 6: Trump and Sessions, what’s next?

This is the final part of a 6 part historical series. Looking in the near future to the developments in the U.S.A. With president Donald Trump and Attorney General Jeff Sessions. What’s next?

Chris and Mikki began their grassroots legalisation campaign in 1988 and championed last year’s successful California Prop. 64 campaign. Chris is the author of The Newbies Guide to Cannabis and the Industry, Hemp: Lifeline to the Future, and Hemp for Health. Mikki is co-author of Shattered Lives: Portraits from America’s Drug War and Human Rights and the US Drug War.

They were curators of the Hash Marihuana & Hemp Museum of Amsterdam and publish The Leaf Online.

Learn more about Chris and Mikki:
➡️ http://chrisconrad.com/
➡️ http://chrisconrad.com/mikki-norris/

Hash Museum:
➡️ http://hashmuseum.com/

Cannabis News Network is a news journal which publishes only cannabis related news.

Find out more: http://www.cannabisnewsnetwork.com/

Chris Conrad & Mikki Norris | Pt. 5: Prop 64, the Californian Way | Cannabis News Network

Chris Conrad and Mikki Norris are living legends in the battle for legal cannabis through their activism, journalism, vision and court-recognized expertise in cannabis cultivation and use. Cannabis News Network tells the story of Chris and Mikki in 6 episodes, published every Friday for 6 weeks. This is part 5: Prop 64, the Californian way.

‘In some places, if you have an arrest record for marihuana they call that a criminal record but in California, it’s a resume’ – Chris Conrad

This part goes further into the details of Prop 64, the legislation which legalized cannabis in California.

Chris and Mikki began their grassroots legalisation campaign in 1988 and championed last year’s successful California Prop. 64 campaign. Chris is the author of The Newbies Guide to Cannabis and the Industry, Hemp: Lifeline to the Future, and Hemp for Health. Mikki is co-author of Shattered Lives: Portraits from America’s Drug War and Human Rights and the US Drug War.

They were curators of the Hash Marihuana Hemp Museum of Amsterdam and publish TheLeafOnline.com.

Learn more about Chris and Mikki:
➡️ http://chrisconrad.com/
➡️ http://chrisconrad.com/mikki-norris/

Hash Museum:
➡️ http://hashmuseum.com/

Cannabis News Network is a news journal which publishes only cannabis related news.

Find out more: http://www.cannabisnewsnetwork.com/
Like our Facebook page for updates: http://bit.ly/CNNFBYT
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Chris Conrad & Mikki Norris: Their Story | Pt. 4: Medical vs Recreational | Cannabis News Network

Chris Conrad and Mikki Norris are living legends in the battle for legal cannabis through their activism, journalism, vision and court-recognized expertise in cannabis cultivation and use. Cannabis News Network tells the story of Chris and Mikki in 6 episodes, published every Friday for 6 weeks. This is part 4: Medical vs Recreational.

‘If it’s safe enough for a sick person, it’s safe enough for a healthy person’ – Chris Conrad

This part details the struggle within activist circles between medical cannabis and cannabis for recreational use. And later, accessibility for joining a legal cannabis market like in California.

Chris and Mikki began their grassroots legalisation campaign in 1988 and championed last year’s successful California Prop. 64 campaign. Chris is the author of The Newbies Guide to Cannabis and the Industry, Hemp: Lifeline to the Future, and Hemp for Health. Mikki is co-author of Shattered Live: Portraits from America’s Drug War and Human Rights and the US Drug War.

They were curators of the Hash Marihuana Hemp Museum of Amsterdam and publish TheLeafOnline.com.

Learn more about Chris and Mikki:
➡️ http://chrisconrad.com/
➡️ http://chrisconrad.com/mikki-norris/

Hash Museum:
➡️ http://hashmuseum.com/

Cannabis News Network is a news journal which publishes only cannabis related news.

Find out more: http://www.cannabisnewsnetwork.com/
Like our Facebook page for updates: http://bit.ly/CNNFBYT
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Chris Conrad & Mikki Norris: Their Story | Pt. 3: Meeting Jack Herer | Cannabis News Network

Chris Conrad and Mikki Norris are living legends in the battle for legal cannabis through their activism, journalism, vision and court-recognized expertise in cannabis cultivation and use. Cannabis News Network tells the story of Chris and Mikki in 6 episodes, published every Friday for 6 weeks. This is part 3.

Chris and Mikki began their grassroots legalisation campaign in 1988 and championed last year’s successful California Prop. 64 campaign. Chris is the author of The Newbies Guide to Cannabis and the Industry, Hemp: Lifeline to the Future, and Hemp for Health. Mikki is co-author of Shattered Live: Portraits from America’s Drug War and Human Rights and the US Drug War.

They were curators of the Hash Marihuana Hemp Museum of Amsterdam and publish TheLeafOnline.com.

Learn more about Chris and Mikki:
➡️ http://chrisconrad.com/
➡️ http://chrisconrad.com/mikki-norris/

Hash Museum:
➡️ http://hashmuseum.com/

Cannabis Castle:
➡️ http://bigbudsmag.com/story-of-netherlands-cannabis-castle/

Cannabis News Network is a news journal which publishes only cannabis related news.

Find out more: http://www.cannabisnewsnetwork.com/
Like our Facebook page for updates: http://bit.ly/CNNFBYT
Follow us on Twitter: http://bit.ly/CannabisNewsNet

Chris Conrad & Mikki Norris: Their Story | Pt. 2: Activism | Cannabis News Network

Chris Conrad and Mikki Norris are living legends in the battle for legal cannabis through their activism, journalism, vision and court-recognized expertise in cannabis cultivation and use. Cannabis News Network tells the story of Chris and Mikki in 6 episodes, published every Friday for 6 weeks. This is part 2.

Chris and Mikki began their grassroots legalisation campaign in 1988 and championed last year’s successful California Prop. 64 campaign. Chris is the author of The Newbies Guide to Cannabis and the Industry, Hemp: Lifeline to the Future, and Hemp for Health. Mikki is co-author of Shattered Live: Portraits from America’s Drug War and Human Rights and the US Drug War.

They were curators of the Hash Marihuana Hemp Museum of Amsterdam and publish TheLeafOnline.com.

Learn more about Chris and Mikki:
➡️ http://chrisconrad.com/
➡️ http://chrisconrad.com/mikki-norris/

Hash Museum:
➡️ http://hashmuseum.com/

Cannabis Castle:
➡️ http://bigbudsmag.com/story-of-netherlands-cannabis-castle/

Cannabis News Network is a news journal which publishes only cannabis related news.

Find out more: http://www.cannabisnewsnetwork.com/
Like our Facebook page for updates: http://bit.ly/CNNFBYT
Follow us on Twitter: http://bit.ly/CannabisNewsNet

Chris Conrad & Mikki Norris: Their Story | Pt.1: The Golden Years | Cannabis News Network

Chris Conrad and Mikki Norris are living legends in the battle for legal cannabis through their activism, journalism, vision and court-recognized expertise in cannabis cultivation and use. Starting today, Cannabis News Network will tell the story of Chris and Mikki in 6 episodes.

Chris and Mikki began their grassroots legalisation campaign in 1988 and championed last year’s successful California Prop. 64 campaign. Chris is the author of The Newbies Guide to Cannabis and the Industry, Hemp: Lifeline to the Future, and Hemp for Health. Mikki is co-author of Shattered Live: Portraits from America’s Drug War and Human Rights and the US Drug War.

They were curators of the Hash Marihuana Hemp Museum of Amsterdam and publish TheLeafOnline.com.

Learn more about Chris and Mikki:
➡️ http://chrisconrad.com/
➡️ http://chrisconrad.com/mikki-norris/

Hash Museum:
➡️ http://hashmuseum.com/

Cannabis Castle:
➡️ http://bigbudsmag.com/story-of-netherlands-cannabis-castle/

Cannabis News Network is a news journal which publishes only cannabis related news.

Find out more: http://www.cannabisnewsnetwork.com/
Like our Facebook page for updates: http://bit.ly/CNNFBYT
Follow us on Twitter: http://bit.ly/CannabisNewsNet