Today in History for December 14th

George Washington dies at age 67; Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen and his group reach South Pole; Leaders of Bosnia, Serbia and Croatia sign an internationally-brokered peace treaty; Baseball’s Roger Maris dies at age 51. (Dec. 14)

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Migrants face freezing conditions at Bosnia camp | AFP

Several hundred migrants from Asia and Africa continue to live without heating and in freezing conditions at a makeshift camp in north-western Bosnia, close to the European Union border, despite calls for it to be closed. Dunja Mijatovic, the Council of Europe’s Commissioner for Human Rights and a Bosnian herself, says the camp is “a shame for Bosnia” and that if the camp is not closed, people will start dying.

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Today in History for November 23rd

Highlights of this day in history: UN war crimes panel to try Slobodan Milosevic for genocide in Bosnia; Ukraine’s Viktor Yushchenko declares win in disputed vote; ‘Life’ first hits newsstands; Singer Enrico Caruso makes American debut. (Nov. 23)

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Bosnian migrant camp in crisis as winter approaches | AFP

No running water, putrid portable toilets and surrounding woods littered with land mines — these are the bleak conditions of a camp where hundreds of migrants brace for winter in Bosnia. The camp was set up outside Bihac in June after inhabitants became frustrated with the growing migrant presence.

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More than 2,000 attend Sarajevo’s first Gay Pride march | AFP

More than two thousand people turn out in Sarajevo for the city’s first Gay Pride march to protest against discrimination in Bosnia, but were met with a counter protest condemning ‘a great evil’ that had supposedly entered the Bosnian capital.

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Erdogan meets with members of Bosnia’s tripartite presidency in Sarajevo | AFP

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan meets in Sarajevo with members of Bosnia’s tripartite presidency on the eve of a summit of leaders of South-Eastern European countries in which he will participate. IMAGES of the meeting

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Refugees held in cages at Bosnian detention center – report

A three-year-old was spotted among a group of 12 Iraqi refugees locked inside cages at the Bosnian detention center. The two families of seven adults and five children attempted to cross the Bosnian border illegally from Klobuk, Montenegro, but were apprehended and locked inside the detention block, awaiting their deportation, ‘Are You Syrious’ pro-migrant charity organization claims.

The Bosnian border police were heavily criticized after ‘Are You Syrious’ group released footage which showed the conditions in which the migrants were held. However, they denied all claims of mistreating the refugees: “Bosnia-Herzegovina border police deny inhuman treatment of migrants in its facility at the Klobuk border crossing,” the force said in a statement. Nonetheless, more cases of refugee maltreatment at Bosnia’s southern borders are being reported.

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Karadzic sentence increased to life for Bosnia genocide

UN judges order former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic to spend the rest of his life in jail for the “sheer scale and systematic cruelty” of his war crimes a quarter of a century ago. SOUNDBITE from Judge Vagn Joensen

Sarajevo hopes to rekindle Olympic flame with Youth Games

When Sarajevo welcomed the globe’s top athletes to its mountains for the 1984 Winter Olympics, it was a moment of pride for all of Yugoslavia. Three decades later, the post-war capital of Bosnia is hoping to rekindle the flame as it hosts the European Youth Olympic Festival next week.

Bosnian Serbs celebrate ‘national holiday’ angering Muslims

Bosnian Serbs begin celebrations of the “national holiday” of their entity, Republika Srpska, defying a 2016 legal ban and angering Bosnian Muslims who view it as a provocation. Muslims in Bosnia oppose the event as it marks the creation of a “Serb republic” in Bosnia on January 9, 1992, three months ahead of an ethnic war that claimed 100,000 lives and displaced more than two million people. IMAGES

Today in History for December 14th

(14 Dec 2018) George Washington dies at age 67; Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen and his group reach South Pole; Leaders of Bosnia, Serbia and Croatia sign an internationally-brokered peace treaty; Baseball’s Roger Maris dies at age 51. (Dec. 14)

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Brawl breaks out as migrants resist transport to new center in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Tensions were running high at the Bosnian-Croat border in Velika Kladusa on Wednesday. A fight broke out when a man resisted transportation to a temporary migrant centre run by the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

Police tried to separate the two men, but the fight then morphed into a brawl as several people piled in. One migrant was seen being escorted away by police.

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Crisis looms as Bosnia races to shelter migrants before winter

With winter knocking at the door, Bosnia is racing to avert a humanitarian crisis for thousands of EU-bound migrants crossing its mountainous terrain and sleeping without proper shelter as temperatures drop. The poor Balkan state has become a well-trodden stop on the new route to the European Union for migrants escaping war and poverty in Asia, the Middle East and North Africa.

World Cup: Croatia coach gets hero’s welcome at home in Bosnia

Thousands of Bosnian Croats welcome Zlatko Dalic, the coach of the Croatian football team, home to Livno, Bosnia, after the Balkan side’s impressive performance at the World Cup.

In Bosnia, a young man’s death stirs protests

For the past three months people have been gathering daily in the small Bosnian city of Banja Luka to demand “justice and truth” regarding the death of a young Serbian man, David Dragicevic, whose body was found in a stream in March. Police initially said his death was an accident, but David’s family has cried foul, unleashing a wave of protest unseen in Bosnia since 2014.

In Sarajevo, disappointment after Seselj verdict

Sarajevans say they are “disappointed” with a decision by UN judges to sentence a radical Serb leader to time served in an appeals hearing. Vojislav Seselj was found guilty on appeal of crimes against humanity, but the firebrand politician will remain a free man because of time already served behind bars while facing trial at the former Yugoslav war crimes court. The 44-month-long siege of Sarajevo took the lives of over 11,000 people during Bosnia’s 1992-1995 war.

What News Organizations Get Wrong About Conflict Reporting, According To A Veteran War Reporter

Business Insider sat down with Martin Bell, an award-winning former war correspondent for the BBC and author of “War and the Death of News”.

Bell said news organisations often favour neutrality over fairness in their reporting.

He added that there is a lack of eyewitness reporting of conflicts and atrocities in the modern world.

Read the full transcript below:

Martin Bell: I was brought up in the standard BBC tradition of: “On one hand, this, on the other hand, that, only time will tell.” One argument or set of images was balanced against another.

But by the time I got to the Bosnian war, it seemed to me this sort of “bystander journalism” was inadequate to the situation we found ourselves in.

I was not willing to be neutral between the armed and the unarmed, between the aggressor and the victim, so I devised what I call the “journalism of attachment”, which is not a partisan journalism, it’s not making arguments, it’s a journalism that cares as well as knows and it chooses its words very carefully.

Sometimes there are no words at all because your images are your adjectives. It’s a different way of thinking and a different way of writing, lightyears away from the bystander journalism. Very undistinguished – because I’ve seen it – that I practiced in Vietnam as far ago as 1967.

I was criticised for a BBC Panorama programme that I did in January 1993, at one of the worst of times in the Bosnian war.

“The heaviest fighting has apparently been in the town of Goražde, 45 miles south-east of here. According to government reports, 100,000 people are cut off there, including 30,000 refugees – 10,000 of them children.”

But I chose my words very carefully. I just set out the consequences if we stayed away – and we were only marginally involved at the time – and the consequences if we made a proper military intervention, which in the end, we did.

I didn’t advocate the intervention, I just said: “This is what’s going to happen if we don’t intervene.” And indeed, it’s what did happen. And we could have saved tens of thousands of lives if we had fully intervened in the beginning of the Bosnian war, which started in April ’92.

It was a difficult case to make, but I think I was proved right. Because in the end, NATO – It was the only use of force in NATO’s history, actually – and it did – The first use of force in NATO’s history – and it did achieve the results required. It could have saved so many lives if we had done it earlier.

A humanitarian intervention by armed force – there are four tests to be met. It has to be legal under the charter of the United Nations, it has to be proportionate under the Geneva conventions, it has to be reasonably supported by the people, and it has to be doable.

Bosnia passed all these tests, Iraq in 2003 failed them all, and Afghanistan failed – as it always will – on the test of do-ability.

I don’t think we’re turning a blind eye to what’s happening so much as we’re being kept out of the loop, kept ignorant, not knowing. The Srebrenica massacre – we weren’t sure about for months.

We’ve got very little idea about what’s going on in parts of Iraq, in much of Syria, because of the lack of eyewitness journalism. And if you don’t know about it, you won’t care. The NGOs, the aid agencies know this – the money flows in when the television pictures are showing the situation they’re trying to deal with. No television, no money.

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